Perimenopause, Menopause or Postmenopause?


This refers to the transitional period leading up to menopause.

Age: This stage can begin as early as the mid-30s or as late as the 40s, and can last for several years before menopause is reached.

Changes: Perimenopause starts when a woman’s body gradually begins to produce less estrogen. The decrease in estrogen production can cause a range of physical and emotional symptoms that vary in severity and duration from person to person.

Symptoms: During perimenopause, women may experience irregular menstrual cycles, hot flashes, mood changes, and other symptoms as their hormone levels fluctuate.


This stage is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman’s menstrual cycles. It is defined as the point at which a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.

Age: This typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, with the average age of onset being 51. However, menopause can occur earlier or later than this range for some women.

Changes: During menopause, a woman’s body gradually decreases the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which can lead to a variety of physical and emotional symptoms.

Symptoms: These symptoms may include hot flashes, night sweats, mood changes, vaginal dryness, and decreased sex drive. While menopause is a natural and inevitable part of the aging process for women, it can be effectively managed through lifestyle changes, hormone therapy, and other treatment options.


Postmenopause refers to the period of time after menopause when a woman no longer experiences menstrual periods. It is considered to begin 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual cycle.

Age: The age bracket for postmenopause is typically 55 and older, as most women reach menopause in their early 50s. Again, it is important to note that the timing of menopause can vary widely, and some women may enter postmenopause earlier or later than this range.

Changes: Postmenopause can bring about a number of changes in the body as a result of decreased estrogen production. These changes may include vaginal dryness and atrophy, which can cause discomfort and pain during sex, as well as an increased risk of osteoporosis due to changes in bone density. Women may also experience cardiovascular and metabolic changes, which can lead to an increased risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes, respectively. Emotional changes, such as anxiety, depression, and irritability, may also continue during postmenopause.

Symptoms: During postmenopause, women may continue to experience symptoms such as hot flashes, mood changes, and vaginal dryness, as well as an increased risk of certain health conditions such as osteoporosis and heart disease. However, with proper management and care, women can live long and healthy lives postmenopause.

It is important to note that perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause are a natural part of the aging process and can vary in duration and symptom severity from person to person. The symptoms can be effectively managed with lifestyle changes, hormone therapy, and other treatments.